Ø OSHA 1926.600 Excavation & Equipment Operations 

Ø Back Hoe Operations 

Ø Safety 

Ø Definitions 

Ø Maintenance 

Ø Attachments 

Ø Specific Procedures 

Ø Dig Safe - 811 Ø 

Trenching/Shoring/Shielding Equipment & Inspections 

Ø Duties of Competent Person Ø Working around power lines Ø Protection against cave-ins 

Ø Working adjacent to existing buildings Ø Types of Soils Ø The need to involve a Registered Professional Engineer 

Ø License requirements – if required 

Ø Working with vehicular traffic – safety vests/strobe lights, etc. Ø Developing a realistic plan for project and following it Ø Working in trenches with other known and unknown utilities Ø Emergency rules and regulations and procedures Ø Hot Work Permit, when required Ø Hazardous Atmosphere and need to monitor Ø Types of potential rescue equipment that may be needed Ø Training specific for the job for all personnel Ø CDL checklist for all trucks/equipment prior to operating Ø Emergency Evacuation Plan reviewed with all employees on the job Ø Record keeping; Photographs may be needed under certain circumstances, especially for emergency repairs. Available location plans and records of past repairs at this site. Ø Be prepared for the worst as conditions are constantly changing.   

Know your capabilities and available resources.   SAFETY FIRST ~ AND ALWAYS   Training provided by:   Peter E. Bouley, M.E. & Experienced Licensed Heavy Equipment Operator Safety & Health Consultant and Specialty Trainer     


© 1926.600 – Motorized equipment does not specifically address an Excavator.   We need to refer to Owners Manual for specific parameters of their equipment.   Today’s sample training will be the very basic introduction to safe operation of an Excavator.   

TOPICS COVERED:    > choosing appropriate size of equipment  > Obstructions  > Basic Controls  > Pre-operation inspection – Must have written record of it  > condition of ground where you intend to set up & work  > Definitions:  1] Neutral position of all levers  2] visibility – clean adjusted mirrors  3] Feathering controls  4] Mfg. recommended warm up/shut down temperatures & psi of hydraulics  5] Climbing into/out of cab – 85% [per OSHA statistics] all accidents involving equipment take place directly due to this  6] Vibration of machine working may enhance cave-in  7] Working on ledge with steel tracks  8] speed of swing movements – slow and steady – no sudden jerks  9] How far from edge of trench should we deposit spoil   10] Cleaning side walk    > Loading/unloading onto/off of trailer  > License requirements  

 NOTE: This training will not make you an operator, but it will give you some important information you need so that now you can practice in a large open area away from people & obstructions. A good operator has spent a few years operating this equipment, advancing as he/she has learned specific techniques on their way to become a competent operator.